Diabetes is a group of diseases which increases the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is vital to our health because it is an important source of energy for the cells that make up our muscles and tissues. If insulin is not there or present in an insufficient amount, it will cause diabetes. It is a non-communicable disease. It can not spread from one person to another. Causes of diabetes may vary depending upon the individuals. You are likely to develop diabetes if you have a family history of diabetes. Unhygienic food, physical condition, aging, heredity, cholesterol, depression, heart diseases, high blood pressure etc are some reasons for diabetes.
TYPES OF DIABETES
Type 2 diabetes
A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar. It can be at any age. In type 2 diabetes, the body isn’t able to make use of insulin in an exact manner. This is referred to as insulin resistance.
Type 1 diabetes
It is a condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. In type 1 diabetes, the human body’s immune tool breaks the cells that release insulin. Without insulin, cells can’t lure glucose, which they require to create energy.
It is a condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes. This condition is marked by blood sugar levels that are too high to be considered normal but are not enough to be in the range of a typical diabetes diagnosis.
It is a form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women. Most of the time, this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you have a greater chance to developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Sometimes diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is actually type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how much your blood sugar is elevated. Some people, especially those with Prediabetes or Type 2, may not experience symptoms initially. In type 1 diabetes symptoms tend to come on quickly and be more severe.
Some signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:
- Frequent Urination
- Increased Thirst
- Intense Hunger
- Weight Gain
- Weight loss
- Increased Fatigue
- Blurred Vision
- Less Healing power
- Skin Infection
- Gum Infection